IVF- What It Is & What Are the Disadvantages
Dr. Mohit Saraogi who is one of the best IVF specialist in Mumbai explains In vitro fertilization (IVF) as a process of fertilization where an egg is combined with sperm outside the human body, in vitro (“in glass”). The method involves monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulatory process with the help of ovulation injection, removing a mature ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman’s ovaries, and letting sperm fertilize them in a liquid inside a laboratory. After the fertilized egg (zygote) undergoes embryo culture for 3–6 days in the lab, it is implanted within the same or surrogate woman’s uterus, with the intention of building a successful pregnancy.
“IVF is a method of assisted reproductive technology widely used for infertility treatment and gestational surrogacy. A fertilized egg could also be implanted into a surrogate’s uterus, and therefore the resulting child is genetically unrelated to the surrogate. IVF is usually not used until less invasive or less expensive options have failed or been determined unlikely to figure.” Says Dr. Mukesh Mahajan who is one of the best general physician in Pune.
We all are aware of the positive side or advantages of IVF but very few of us are actually aware of the disadvantages of IVF. So in this article, Dr. Saraogi will discuss the disadvantages of IVF Treatment.
Disadvantages of IVF
An IVF cycle could also be unsuccessful. The success of IVF isn’t assured, and patients sometimes need to undergo more than one cycle of treatment before they’re successful. This naturally varies from woman to woman, and a fertility specialist provides a more accurate and personalized likelihood of success. It’s important to be realistic but positive about the probabilities of success.
Risks & Side Effects:
There are also associated side effects and risks. As a medical treatment, IVF comes with chances of developing a few side effects. The foremost severe of them is known as ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS). Fortunately, the utilization of fewer or no drugs in natural and mild IVF cycles means the chances of developing unwanted risk of OHSS is dramatically decreased or eliminated.
In IVF treatments, there’s often more than one embryo replace into the uterus, and this results in a better likelihood of multiple pregnancies; around 20–30% of IVF pregnancies may result in multiple pregnancies. Multiple pregnancies do carry associated health risks to mother and baby: there’s an increased chance of premature labor, miscarriage, need for cesarean, stillbirth, and infant health problems with multiple pregnancies. it’s important for all fertility clinics to possess robust single embryo transfer policies, to avoid the risks of multiple pregnancies.
Extrauterine or Ectopic Pregnancy:
There is a rather higher chance of extrauterine pregnancy. With IVF treatment, the danger of an extrauterine pregnancy doubles, to 1–3%, particularly in women with damaged fallopian tubes.
There is evidence that prime estrogen levels related to high stimulation IVF can increase the danger of prematurity and low birth weight in babies. There are several evidence which shows that giving high stimulation during IVF increases the prospect that a baby is born prematurely and with lower birth weight. This has been linked to long-term health problems for the kid. it’s theorized that prime estrogen levels can affect the intrauterine environment. With drug-free and low drug approaches, it’s been observed that babies born are more likely to change state at term and with a better birth weight than those born through high stimulation IVF related to high estrogen levels. This is often one among the explanations why specialists stick to Natural and Mild IVF. The success of the treatment isn’t just birth, but also a healthy term birth.
IVF treatment can take an emotional/psychological toll. Undergoing IVF treatment is often a highly emotive and stressful experience. For patients undergoing treatment, it is often physically and emotionally demanding. For partners, it is often difficult to observe a loved-one undergo a stressful experience. It’s important to prioritize your psychological health, and this is often also good for the health of the body. Lower-drug protocols should help to minimize the quantity of stress.
IVF treatment is often expensive. IVF treatment isn’t a cheap treatment method, and after paying for medication and blood tests, the prices can quickly hop on. It’s good to possess a transparent idea of the prices involved before starting treatment and to possess your finances before beginning. The cost of treatment varies from place to place & also depends upon the expertise of the doctor.
Some patients are also concerned about some ethical issues related to the treatment. The thought of choosing some embryos and potentially discarding others might not sit well with everybody. Before starting treatment, consider your own stance and what you’d be comfortable with. If you’re uncomfortable with the creation of multiple embryos, your doctor can support your choice by using Natural Cycle IVF, or by freezing additional eggs instead of fertilizing them to make embryos.